Downloadable documents – Pregnancy

Short-term effects of maternal alcohol consumption on lactational performance

Previous research demonstrated that breast-feeding infants consumed significantly less milk during the immediate hours after their mothers consumed an acute dose of alcohol when compared with a nonalcoholic beverage. The present study tested the hypothesis that maternal alcohol consumption decreases the amount of milk available to the infant and alters milk composition in the short term.

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Eating healthy for mom and baby

Eat plenty of vegetables and fruit every day (at least five servings), plus six portions of protein every day: skinless chicken, lean meat, fish, eggs and legumes.

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Impact of maternal diet during pregnancy and breastfeeding on infant metabolic programming: a prospe

To evaluate the impact of maternal diet and intensive dietary counselling during pregnancy and breastfeeding on the infant’s metabolic status.

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Maternal diet and breastfeeding: A case for rethinking physiological explanations for breastfeeding

Although some authors explain determinants of breastfeeding that occur in a dose–response manner as evidence of causality, we argue that dose–response relationships are not proof of a biological relationship between the variables.

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Heart Foundation: Nutrition in pregnancy

It is important that you gain an adequate amount of weight during pregnancy to ensure that you are providing for your unborn baby.

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Mayo Clinic – Pregnancy and exercise

During pregnancy, exercise can help you stay in shape and prepare for labor and delivery. Here’s the lowdown on pregnancy and exercise, from getting started to staying motivated.

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Paediatrics International: Effects of maternal smoking during pregnancy on body composition

The aim of the present cross-sectional study was to use objective methods to assess the association between maternal smoking and body composition in offspring. A total of 2508 grade 4 school children were enrolled; all underwent lifestyle disease and passive smoking screening.

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Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists – why your weight matters during pregnancy and af

Most women who are overweight have a straightforward pregnancy and birth and deliver healthy babies. However being overweight does increase the risk of complications to both you and your baby.

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Effect of a mother-to-child HIV-prevention programme on infant feeding and caring practices in South

South Africa has one of the fastest-growing HIV epidemics in the world. According to the national HIV survey of women attending antenatal clinics of public health services in South Africa, the prevalence of HIV infection among women under 20 years of age is estimated to have nearly tripled from 6.5% in 1994 to 19% in 1999.

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Strategic plan for a campaign on accelerated reduction of maternal and child mortality in Africa

High maternal, perinatal and under-five morbidity and mortality are some of the formidable development challenges in Africa. The disturbing part is that the large number of deaths is due to preventable causes. The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that worldwide, as many as 1500 women die every day due to complications related to pregnancy or childbirth.

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